In Lohja and Espoo near Helsinki, the Swedes fenced off the school building with barbed wire, in order to ban children the access to a school established with the private funds of the Finns. (see the pictures on the left)
Luukas school building fenced off with barbed wire in Espoo, Finland in 1908.
The Time magazine published on September 22, 1997 James Walsh's article Unnatural Selection.
Yet the eugenics program that authorized sterilizations of 'social undesirables', begun in 1935, continued long after the war, persisting until an agency that called itself chillingly the National Institute for Racial Hygiene died a quiet death in 1976. In postwar decades when Social Democratic Sweden considered itself a citadel of enlightenment and tolerance, the country was silently pursuing principles of racial purity long since discredited in most of the world. During those 41 years, some 60,000 Swedes were sterilized as misfits who did not meet the ideal of the blond, blue-eyed, intelligent Scandinavian.
Historian Lauri A Puntila wrote a book of the Svecoman movement in 1944, in Finnish Suomen ruotsalaisuuden liikkeen synty - aatehistoriallinen tutkimus. The book brought
to light the hidden history. Puntila's book is my source in the next lines.
Scandinavian Racism in the 19th century. Axel Olof Freudenthal (1836-1911) and his contacts Axel Lille (1848-1921), Peter Munch (Norwegian, 1810-1863) and August Sohlman (1824-1874) presented insulting claims about other nationalities: Finns, all the Finno-Ugric peoples, Hungarians and non-European peoples. They developed an ideology which praised their own peoples and adored Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Their irrational and extremist claims often dealt with culture and national characters. Their claims about a certain people are often only positive or only negative.
Emil Böök resisted Freudenthal's ideology and he believed that all the peoples are equal. He and many others were fighting for the Finns, who had sublime aims to improve their position. According to Böök Freudenthal's and his supporters' attitude toward the Finns was firstly a sheer negativity and secondly an impudent scoff.
In 1918 Swedish officers and soldiers were involved in the Civil War of Finland. During the fights and after them some 20 000 Finns were starved to death or executed. Among the victims were men, women, workers, soldiers and civilians.
Tauno Tukkinen in his studies reveals an ethnic cleansing in Western Uusimaa (some 50 km west of Helsinki,
in May 1918) and Forssa region in Southwestern Finland. Some 200 Finnish civilians, men and women, were executed by the Swedish battalion in Western Uusimaa. The commander of this battalion was
The division of the Swedish volunteers executed 260 Finnish civilians in Forssa region in April 1918. The commander of this division was Swedish nobleman Carl August Ehrensvärd. In this case 13 of the executed were women and the youngest was only 16-year-old.
The Swedes executed at least 460 Finns in the Finnish Civil War of 1918.
Finnish sources, 2 books:
Tauno Tukkinen, 1999: Teloittajien edessä. Ihmiskohtaloita Karjalohjalla, Sammatissa, Nummella, Pusulassa, Nurmijärvellä, Vihdissä ja Inkoossa 1918. Ill. 160 pages.
Tauno Tukkinen, 2001: Mäkeen mäkeen vaan. Punaisten henkilötappiot Forssassa, Jokioisissa ja Tammelassa 1918. TT Karjalohja.
In October 1915 a Finnish delegation went to Stockholm, in order to inquire Sweden's attitude on Finnish independence movement. The members of the Finnish
delegation were Otto Stenroth, Samuli Sario, A. H. Saastamoinen and Axel Lille. In the negotiation Swedish count Douglas said
the Finnish delegation that Sweden wants to annex Lapland from Finland, Kemi river would be the border between Sweden and Finland. The Finns, however did not want to cede Northern Finland to
(Finnish sources: Suomen Kuvalehti magazine 4 / 1935, pages 130-131 and 138, Aaro Pakaslahti's book Suomen politiikka maailmansodassa)
Two years later in January 1918 Sweden planned to occupy Northern Finland or the whole Finland. The Swedish troops actually occupied Ahvenanmaa archipelago in 1918 until German troops arrived there.
More information in Finnish: lyyxem.freehostia.com/teljo.htm
Finnish Petri Laurinpoika and his daughter-in-law sued on January 29, 1649 seven Swedes of killing one Finn and maiming another. Three Finns had been hunting elks, and in the night they were attacked by seven Swedes. In the court the Swedes claimed that they had the right to kill Finns. The court decision was that the Swedes were fined for killing, but the Finns got a bigger fine for poaching.
In 1639 Queen Christina gave an order to imprison all Finns if they did not have a permit to live. In 1646 every Finn who did not want to study Swedish was declared outlaw and his house should be burned by civil servants. The exact number of victims is not known.
Swedish authorities forbade Finns to read Finnish books. If they did so, they were imprisoned as late as 18th century. Their crime was to read books in a certain language.
During Queen Christina's reign Finns demonstrated to oppose the ban of burn-clearing in the province of Tividen. Their leaders were imprisoned. Five demonstrators were executed, two of them were transferred to Stockholm, and their all limbs were cut before cutting the head in public. A brutal capital punishment.
The historical persecution of the Finns in Sweden is not told by the media or schools of Finland.
(Finnish source: Väinö Salminen, Skandinavian suomalaiset, 1906, in the book: Namsarai, Finnish Literature Society, 1999)
The Swedish governments interfered in Finland's internal affairs in the 1930s, as many prominent writers (Urho Kekkonen, Jussi Teljo and Arvi Korhonen among others) pointed out in the magazine of the Finnish Alliance. And since the 1990s. Finnish media has censored this and all related things.
TV and newspapers broadcast disinformation about history and all political issues. I hope that this website will open reader's eyes about history of Finland and Sweden. Censorship in the mainstream media makes Sweden, Finland and Norway mostly undemocratic countries, ruled by the political and economic elite.
In Finland, Norway and Sweden nobody can have a public post without being a member of a certain political party. In Finland all
high-ranking officials, who earn 5000 euros a month or more, are members of political parties (source: Finnish radio in 2011, a local politician from Espoo told
Usually media does not tell this fact, due to censorship. And high-ranking officials themselves hardly ever tell citizens that they are party members.
In dictatorship countries all officials are members of the ruling political party.
A cartoon from 1905 in Tuulispää magazine. The headline in English "the Last of the Mohicans or Huusis alone" and "general suffrage" in the
Finland was the first European country to allow all citizens aged 24 or older, men and women, to vote and run for parliament. But this full suffrage for all adults did not come easy. In 1905 thousands of Finns demonstrated for suffrage, in many demonstrations.
The Swedish newspaper, which was called Huusis by the Finns, was against the general suffrage in 1905, because it stopped the power of the estates. In 1905 the priests and peasants were willing to accept democracy and general suffrage, but the nobility and burghers were not. People strongly protested against the nobility and burghers, they wanted to have the right to vote. There were many demonstrations in the streets of Helsinki.
Finally in July 1906 the nobility and burghers had to give up and end the privileges of the estates. And the class society had come to an end.
The founding of the Finnish Alliance was a part of the Finnish national awakening in the beginning of the 20th century. In 1906 many Finns changed their surname. By the end of 1907 some 100,000 Finns had changed their foreign surname to Finnish.